A multiculturally and diverse nation in the west of South American, known to be the land by the end of the world, is the Republic of Chile. A country that practically located by the world’s point shares numerous unique and peaceful borders with other nations. A lot of tourist attraction places in Chile are situated at the walls as well. Due to their tranquil and deep diplomatic relationship, they can make the border of country lines an exciting place that the public should pay a visit to one day. Chile shares nation borders with Antarctica, Peru, Drake Passage, Bolivia and Argentina in different directions. In 2017, the nation officially declared that Chile is populated with 17.5 million people around the 756,096 square kilometres area of the country. This Chilean country that was once under Spanish ruling has Santiago as its official capital, which also is the most extended city. The national language of Chile is Spanish, but there are other languages used in their daily conversational speeches due to the cultures and traditions they possess.
Chile has endured countless years of political severity due to the 1973 Chilean coup d’etat that has overthrown the country into an endless pit of sufferings, darkness and censorship that seemed to have no end during that time. For those who are unaware of the political tension, a militant coup was planned to end the governing party put an end to the governing party, which was then under Salvador Allende’s left-wing government. The primary suspect of the coup was none other than the infamous dictatorship icon, Augusto Pinochet, who led a right-wing military of 16 years. They managed to govern the nation strictly under military laws that caused striking damage leaving 30000 either dead, exiled or detained.
Augusto Pinochet self-declared himself as the President of Chile and he reigned along with his military regime under his dictatorship ruling. During the two decades of constant tortures, there were designated detention centres for leftists to forcibly live in while being subjected to inhumane acts of tortuous violence by the militants. What Pinochet’s regime had inflicted upon the Chileans were disastrous. It was a clear human rights violations as many of the survivors still suffer from severe post-traumatic depression and hallucinations to this day. This barbaric ruling had instilled fear in every Chilean when they came out with the Caravan of Death which was the death squad the coup where civilians were stabbed publicly for supporting different political parties.
During this violent-intensified rule of Pinochet, the Chileans were not able to move freely to do anything without being watched and threatened to death. One of the most badly affected industries during this time was the creative filming and arts industry. Chileans are notorious for their low-budget, documentary-like yet great quality films that have been their major win in the cinemas ever since the 20th century. Cinema of Chile is where you can find many films that are originally produced by proud Chileans and in Chile. Many Chilean films are notorious for their authenticity especially with the detailed attention to the smallest things. For instance, Pablo Larraín’s recent debatable film entitled ‘No’ which portrays the old year of 1988 was filmed through a vintage lens of a retro camera. This radiates the feel of the past year’s struggles and exhibits in-depth traumas of the Chileans.
Many supporters of the left-wing party were violently tortured with no mercy because they were trying to eradicate the whole group of opposing people from their regime ruling. A huge number of the supporters were activists and film directors. Almost 20000 of them were forced to live in exile for not submitting to the military regime. Pinochet realised that with the existence of these type of people, he would not be able to reign comfortably.
A lot of great Chilean directors were kicked out of their homeland and were banned from returning. As a result, the industries fell apart because of the lack of film production as well as their influence in the entertainment world. During that time, there was no such thing as entertainment because every day was a living hell. These directors had to stand back and observed their once, which used to be a sweet home, went down in rubbles under the military occupation.
Another painful contributing factor to the Chilean cinema industry falling apart was the strict rule towards censorship. After a few years of living in a dictatorship regime ruling, some of the people tried to revive everything they used to have in order to make a life out of it. The film industry had jumped into the wagon as well but it did not go so well. This is because the military had full control over the television channels, broadcasting and everything that goes around the country. They believed their particular effort in censoring every single thing would stop the protestors from spreading the truth about the vile and cruel regime to the public.
After the violent military coup had stepped down, the Chilean film industry still had a lot of things to do in mending the 20 years of losses and struggles. Some directors remarked that they thought it was the end of their industry. However, one by one, the directors and other art enthusiastic Chileans had made everything possible with their every penny sacrifice and blood and tears in supporting their primary entertainment platform goes global again. That is why we manage to see how Chileans have been producing greatly scripted film dialogues and well-made scripts, derived from the painful memories of the past.
These days, Chile is busy making names in history. This great country has a lot to offer to the world and tourism along with their film industry have been visitors’ main reasons to visit this particularly interesting South American country. There are many places in Chile that are worth coming to due to their incredible amount of attractive locations, highly suitable for you to start filming your own personal masterpieces. If you are a film enthusiast, you should definitely put Chile as your next travel destination.